HUMAN RIGHTS, BIRTH, BREASTFEEDING, WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN

HUMAN RIGHTS, WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN 

A brief overview of principles contained within human rights documents related to infants, children, women and mothers. Useful for policy development, submissions about human rights in pregnancy, birth, protection of breastfeeding and more ….

UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (UNCROC OR CRC)

http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/ProfessionalInterest/crc.pdf

http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Rights_overview.pdf

https://treaties.un.org/doc/publication/mtdsg/volume%20i/chapter%20iv/iv-11.en.pdf

Preamble

  • Childhood is entitled to special care and assistance
  • Recognises that children are living in difficult conditions globally

Article 3

  • The best interests of the child shall be the primary consideration

Article 6

  • State parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child

Article 24

  • The rights of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/

Article 16:3

  • The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state

Article 25:2

  • Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance

INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS

http://www.worldlii.org/int/other/UNGARsn/1966/65.pdf

http://www.who.int/hhr/Economic_social_cultural.pdf

Article 10:2

  • Special protection for mothers during a reasonable period before and after childbirth

Article 10:3

  • Special measures of protection and assistance should be taken on behalf of all children

Article 12:1

  • The rights to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. The provision for the healthy development of the child

CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW)

http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/ProfessionalInterest/cedaw.pdf

  • The Convention defines discrimination against women as “…any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.”

Article 12

  • 1. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of health care in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, access to health care services, including those related to family planning.
  • 2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph I of this article, States Parties shall ensure to women appropriate services in connection with pregnancy, confinement and the post-natal period, granting free services where necessary, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.

 INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS

https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20999/volume-999-I-14668-English.pdf

Article 23: 1. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 24: 1. Every child shall have, without any discrimination as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, national or social origin, property or birth, the right to such measures of protection as are required by his [sic] status as a minor, on the part of his [sic] family, society and the State.

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION

http://www.supremecourt.ge/files/upload-file/pdf/act6.pdf

Article 5

(e) Economic, social and cultural rights, in particular:

  • The rights to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work, to protection against unemployment, to equal pay for equal work, to just and favourable remuneration.
  • (f) The right of access to any place or service intended for use by the general public, such as transport hotels, restaurants, cafes, theatres and parks.

 CONVENTION ON THE RIGHT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf

General principles

(a) Respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one’s own choices, and independence of persons;

(b) Non-discrimination;

(c) Full and effective participation and inclusion in society;

(d) Respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity;

(e) Equality of opportunity;

(f) Accessibility;

(g) Equality between men and women;

(h) Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities.

Oh, and a link to the recently published (2015) document, ‘Fault Lines: Human Rights in New Zealand’ written by Judy McGregor, Sylvia Bell and Margaret Wilson – http://cms.its.waikato.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/248782/NO-watermark-Fault-lines-Human-rights-in-New-Zealand.pdf

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